gmat語法平行結構動詞平行介紹

2016/06/27 瀏覽次數:1 收藏
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  從詞性分別,平行構造可所以名詞,形容詞,副詞,動詞等的並列。本日咱們就給眾人先容下gmat語法平行構造的動詞平行。

  平行構造指的是兩個大概兩個以上的句法、功效雷同的平行的詞、詞組或句子,經由過程並列連詞、並列詞組鏈接起來的而組成的,配合承當句子某一身分的構造。從詞性分別,平行構造可所以名詞,形容詞,副詞,動詞等的並列, 構造情勢只管即便堅持同等:ing情勢與ing情勢並列,to+V與 to+v對等。

  平行解題技能

  1、瞥見平行標記詞就要想到平行,並且平行構造的搭配不克不及錯。

  2、為了不歧義,兩個平行從句必需都有引誘詞引誘,縱然引誘詞同樣也弗成以省略!

  3、看到and就要找對應的成分,用and銜接並列身分,末了一項的前面弗成以把and省略掉。用and平行兩個句子,在and前面加不加逗號均可以,但兩個句子很長的時刻最佳加之。

  4、邏輯平行應優於構造平行斟酌,特別留意動詞情勢。

  5、系動詞是一種隱晦的平行。系動詞表現主語的身份和狀況(是甚麽/在甚麽情形下)系動詞雙方的主語和賓語必需在構造上平行,同時在語義上對應(同質!)。

  真題1

  Doctors hope that one day the body’s master cells, called stem cells, can be directed to grow in organs or tissues appropriate for transplant, use them to test drugs and potentially toxic chemicals, and may study them to gain insight into basic human biology.

  A. transplant, use them to test drugs and potentially toxic chemicals, and may study them

  B. transplant, using them to test drugs and potentially toxic chemicals, and studied

  C. transplant, used to test drugs and potentially toxic chemicals, and studied

  D. a transplant, use them for testing drugs and potentially toxic chemicals, and for studying

  E. a transplant, used to test drugs and potentially toxic chemicals, and may study them

  翻譯:大夫們願望有一天人體的主細胞,稱為幹細胞,可直接發展在合適移植的器官或構造中,用於測試藥物和潛伏的有毒化學物資,而且可以深刻懂得人類的根本生物學。

  句式:stem cells can be directed to...., used to test and studied to gain...

  思緒:三個偏向三個動詞平行。

  選項:

  A. be directed to, use和study不屈行;

  B. be directed to,using和studied不屈行;

  C. 準確;

  D. be directed to, use和for studying不屈行;

  E. be directed to, used和study不屈行。

  真題2

  Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

  A. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,

  B. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, they cost less,

  C. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers, in comparison with most sport utility vehicles, and have a lower cost, they

  D. Minivans, carrying as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,

  E. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles the cost is lower, and they

  翻譯:Minivans可以承載至多7個搭客,和其他的活動型車輛比起來,消費更少,汽油應用效力更高,許可搭客收支汽車更便利,而且有一個安寧的搭車感到。

  句式:Minivans carry…and, [compared with…, cost…, get…, allow…, and have….] ...V1 and,插入狀語,V2...

  思緒:依照邏輯意思可以發明,行動carry和背面幾個行動並不屈行。這個句子的邏輯幹系是,“Carry”這個行動沒有加入“compared”,而是自成一個條理,而別的四個動詞是“compared”的項目,它們別的構成了連續串的動詞平行構造。故而A中的第一個“and”是需要的。

  選項:

  A. 準確;

  B. They主語贅述,句子簡單後可以很輕易看出:minivans, they cost less;compared with most sport utility vehicles大概潤飾passengers,造成歧義;

  C. Run-on sentence,兩套主謂賓構造;沖破了本來邏輯寄義公道的各動詞平行構造;

  D. compared with most sport utility vehicles大概潤飾passengers,造成歧義;

  E. 前半個分句有兩個主語Minivans和the cost;Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers成為了懸垂構造;沖破了本來邏輯寄義公道的各動詞平行構造。

  以上便是關於gmat語法平行構造的動詞平行的內容先容,願望考生經由過程以上內容,賡續夯實本身的常識點,闇練做題技能,晉升解題才能和剖析才能,爭奪都能獲得幻想成就。

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