英語四級翻譯之基本句型

2016/06/27 瀏覽次數:33 收藏
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  下面給眾人帶來一些英語四級的根本句型,都來進修一下吧,願望同窗們在做試題時能輕輕松松過關哦~

  1、It作先行主語和先行賓語的一些句型

  She had said what it was necessary to say.

  2、誇大句型

  It is not who rules us that is important , but how he rules us.

  3、"All+抽象名詞"或"抽象名詞+itself"(very+形容詞)

  He was all gentleness to her.

  4、應用辭匯反復表現誇大

  A crime is a crime a crime.

  5、"something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of" "something of"相稱於"to some extent",表現水平。在疑難句或前提從句中,則為"anything of ",可譯為"有點","稍微等。""譯為毫無","全無"。"much of"譯為"大有","not much of"可譯為"算不上","稱不上","little of"可譯為"險些無"。something like譯為"有點像,略似。"

  They say that he had no universty education , but he seems to be something of a scholar.

  6、同格名詞潤飾是指of先後的兩個名詞都指統一小我或物,"of"和它前面的名詞構一個形容詞短語,以潤飾"of"背面的誰人名詞。如"her old sharper of a father",可譯為:"她那騙子般的父親"。

  Those pigs of girls eat so much.

  7、as…as…can(may)be

  It is as plain as plain can be.

  8、"It is in(with)…as in(with)"

  It is in life as in a journey.

  9、"as good as…"相稱於,就像,險些如;現實上,實在,其實。

  The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy, that he would adopt him.

  10、"many as well…as"和"might as well …as" "many as well…as"可譯為"與其……,不如……,更好","以如許做……為好","猶如……,也能夠……"等等。"might as well…as"表現弗成能的事,可譯為"如同……","可與……同樣荒謬","與其那樣不如如許的好"等等。

  One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.

  11、"to make…of"的譯法(使……成為……,把……看成)

  I will make a scientist of my son.

  12、oo…+不定式",not(never)too…+不定式","too…not+不定式

  She is too angry to speak.

  13、only(not, all, but, never) too …to do so "和"too ready (apt) + to do"構造中,不定式,通常"not","all""but等字後+"too…to,"不定式都落空了否認意義,在"too ready(apt) +to do"構造中,不定式。

  You know but too yell to hold your tongue.

  14、"no more …than…"句型

  A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.

  15、"not so much…as"和"not so much as …"構造,"not so much…as"="not so much as …",個中as有進可換用but rather,可譯為:"與其說是……毋須說是……"。而"not so much as"="without(not)even,"可譯為"乃至……尚未"。

  The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it .

  16、"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"構造,"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"都具備第一流比擬的意思,"Nothing I"可換用"no","nobody","nowhere","little","few","hardly","scarcely"等等,可譯為"沒有……比……更加","像……再沒有了","最……"等。

  Nothing is more precious than time.

  17、"cannot…too…"構造,"cannot…too…"意為"It is impossible to overdo…"大概,即"不管如何……也不算過火"。"not"可換用"hardly","scarcely"等,"too"可換用"enough","sufficient"等

  You cannot be too careful.

  18、"否認+but "構造,在否認詞背面的"but",具備"which not","who not","that not",等等否認意義,組成先後的兩重否認。可譯成"沒有……不是"或"……都……"等

  Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.

  19、"否認+until(till)"構造,在否認詞"no","not","never","little","few","seldom"等的後邊所接用的"until/till",多半情形下譯為"直到……才……","要……才……",把否認譯為確定。

  Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.

  20、"not so…but"和"not such a…but"構造,這兩個構造和"否認+but"的構造差未幾,分歧之點是這兩個構造中的"but"是含有"that…not"象征的持續詞,表現水平。可譯為"尚未……到不克不及做……的水平","並非……不……","不管如何……也不是不克不及……"等。

  He is not so sick but he can come to school.

  21、"疑難詞+should…but"構造,這個構造表現曩昔的不測的事,意為"none…but",可譯為"除……另有誰會……","豈料","想不到……竟是……"等。

  Who should write it but himself?

  22、"who knows but (that)…"和"who could should…but"構造,這個構造是反問情勢,一樣平常意譯為"多數","亦未可知"等等,偶然也可直譯。

  Who knows but (that) he may go?

  23、"祈使句+and"和"祈使句+or"構造,"祈使句+and"表現"If…you…","祈使名+or"表現"if…not…,you。

  Add love to a house and you have a home. Aad righteousness to a city and you have a community. Aad truth to a pile of red brick and you have a school.

  24、"名詞+and"構造,在這個構造中,名詞即是狀語從句,或表現前提,或表現時光。

  A word, and he would lose his temper.

  25、"名詞+and"構造,在這個構造中,名詞即是狀語從句,或表現前提,或表現時光。

  A word, and he would lose his temper.

  26.It is not that…but that…這不是說…,而是說…

  27.nothing else than 完滿是,其實是

  「例文」What the man said was nothing else than nonsense.

  「譯文」誰人人講的話完滿是一派胡言。

  28.more…than…構造有三種譯法:than銜接確定情勢的從句時,該從句譯為否認句;在比擬的基本上表現選取幹系時,可譯為與其說…不如說;舉行同類比擬時,譯成比…更.

  「例文」The complexity of the human situation and injustice of the social order demand far more fundamental changes in the basic structure of society itself than some politicians are willing to admit in their speeches.

  「譯文」人類社會情勢的龐雜性和社會軌制的不公平性請求對社會根本構造舉行完全變更,而一些政客口頭上是很不肯意認可這一點的。

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