ACT寫作改革之自信應對

2016/06/30 瀏覽次數:8 收藏
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  下面就讓小編來為眾人先容一下ACT寫作改造的相幹內容吧,眾人要好好掌控,看看到底哪些方面產生了變更,是變得輕易照樣龐雜,進而為備考早日做好計劃,願望可以或許給預備加入ACT測驗的同窗帶來贊助。

  一、ACT寫作新舊比較

ACT Essay 改造前 改造後
測驗時光 30分鐘,一篇論說文,說服性文章 40分鐘,一篇論說文,剖析性文章
話題規模 重要會合為教導類,跟生存切近 普遍多樣的話題
考題情勢 依據正反兩方概念,表達本身的概念,不須要聯合話題中給出的概念 給出三方概念,請求剖析題幹概念並剖析三個概念的幹系,作文必需和題幹給出的概念相聯合舉行群情剖析
評分軌則 從文章群情的龐雜度、概念睜開、文章構造及說話舉行評分 設法主意和剖析(Ideas and Analysis)、成長與支撐(Development and Support)、文章構造(Organization)、說話應用及範例(Language Use and Conventions)
算分辦法 兩位閱卷人評分,分離依照1-6分評價,加和匯總。比方兩位閱卷人的分數分離是:4分,5分,末了的得分為9分。 兩位閱卷人評分,每人在四個單項內依照1-6分評價,末了每一個單項加和匯總,即每一個單項得分區間2-12分。比方兩位閱卷人分數分離是:3-3-4-4,4-3-3-5,末了得分為7-6-7-9。別的,除每一個單項的得特別,考生終極得到換算後的1-36分規模內的寫作總分。

  明白了以上的新舊比較,咱們來看看詳細“變”在了那邊:

  新版ACT寫作給了三個perspective,而且重點請求剖析本身的概念和給出概念之間的幹系,即“explain the relationship between your perspective and those given”,perspectives就在那邊,咱們都必需剖析,若何很好的構造好幾個概念之間的邏輯構造和論證其存在的公道性,ACT的新作文測驗加倍重視研討(research)和證據(evidence),這是一浩劫點,這也是為何會多出10分鐘的緣故原由。然則換個角度去想,咱們的概念裏確定會有和已給出perspective裏雷同的部門,如許也省去了咱們一部門去腦筋風暴搜腸刮肚概念的時光呢!

  二、ACT寫作範文剖析

  Intelligent Machines

  Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives.

  Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the increasing presence of intelligent machines.

  Perspective 1: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people.

  Perspective 2: Machines are good at low-skills, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.

  Perspective 3: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.

  Essay Task

  Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the increasing presence of intelligent machines. In your essay, be sure to:

  Analyze and evaluate the perspectives given

  State and develop your own perspective on the issue

  Explain the relationship between your perspective and those given

  Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.

  接下來,咱們一路來看一下官方給出的範文:

  Intelligent machines, hardware created by human beings to liberate us from strenuous, have never been given so much attention since the era of Internet. Electronic appliances, smart phones or wearable devices have, in certain degree, brought people convenience, making them indispensable part in daily life. However, some critics still cast doubts on the potential threats hidden behind the scene. As far as I am concerned, human history has witnessed the glorious achievements thanks to the application of machinery.

  Admittedly, the massive application of automation might put the apocalypse on humanity. Just as the saying goes, “To be human is to be humane”, the loss of humanity reveals in the return to the uncivilized nature of human brought by the massive, cold-hearted machines. As shown in the Gilded Age, industrialization took place rapidly with the introduction of new machinery and technologies. Thousands of canals, railroads and coal mines were built in United States. Accompanied with such changes was the gradual loss of human kindness in the tycoons in railroad, oil and steel industry. These people, who sought great fortune themselves, started to see workers only as means to the end of acquiring profits. Miners in the Northwest, for example, worked in the dark, toxic underground for more than ten hours, slept in slums at night and obtained wages insufficient to meet their basic needs. Such inhumane treatment of the industrial magnates did result in some extreme social turbulence such as the Haymarket Strike.

  However, as seen in history, human beings always have the ability to adjust and examine their own deeds. The tycoons soon realized the brutality of money making. Andrew Carnegie, the leading figure in the steel industry, advocated the idea of social welfare in his book the Gospel of Wealth, stating that it’s the rich’s duty to ameliorate the living conditions of the poor in the society. Therefore, self-examination will compensate this change and readjust human beings to the basic tolerance and respect for others. Besides, the high efficiency brought by automation leads to the evergreen prosperity of human lives. Machinery, with its easy manipulation and high precision in productions, stimulates the growth of industry and agriculture and improves the lives of common people. Before the Industrial Revolution, cotton production in the South was stagnant due to the time-consuming and labor-intensive task to separate the fiber from the raw cotton. The revolutionary change did not occur until the 1700s, when Eli Whitney reintroduced the cotton gin to the public. The renewed machine carried features to make automation in the process of cotton production possible. The precise work of machines liberated humans from the onerous task to refine cotton. In this case, the automatic production of cotton in the Deep South soared, boosting the cotton industry to grow in an unprecedented speed.

  On the other hand, the creating roles of automation spur imagination and push human intelligence to a new level. In the eighteenth century the automation drastically revolutionized the gun-making industry. The long-standing process, in which guns were assembled, one at a time, was replaced with a system of interchangeable manufacture. Such creation aroused curiosity among people to develop a new and more efficient way in other industrial productions. One of the forerunners in that era, Gerald Ford, was inspired by the idea of interchangeable parts and subsequently adapted this scientific method to the car production. The assembly line, a method that allows massive, automatic and standardized production, was invented by Ford and was soon introduced to the automobile industry. Car production became so efficient that consequently cars were no longer a luxury that eludes the lives of common people. The process of innovation of machines encourages humans to expand their creativity and intelligence to a broader extent, which results in further and diverse developments.

  In short, what have been created will be used for creating. In this case, the wide use of machinery plays its role in pushing up work efficiency and breeding new opportunities. As long as human beings could be cautious in controlling them, progress will be continuously made.

  經由過程這篇滿分作文,咱們不丟臉出它有如下特色:

  1. 概念清楚明白

  2. 例證充足支撐概念,而且異常聯貫,連接天然

  3. 與題幹概念接洽慎密

  4. 辭匯豐碩,句式多變

  除與題幹概念慎密接洽之外,其他幾點都是咱們在講授論說文寫作辦法時講到過的,是以咱們對付ACT的寫作改造沒有需要太甚於驚恐。反而是題幹中請求咱們慎密接洽給出概念,能給咱們節儉很多時光,給咱們供給了相對於上風。咱們在新ACT寫作中,應當重視正反兩面去思慮題目,須要咱們重視complexity和insight的題目。

  三、ACT測驗備考發起及留意事變

  1.舉例子的時刻,例子的實用性只管即便廣一點,咱們應當只管即便防止老是舉本身的例子的情形;舉例子時,舉一堆例子遠不如舉一個例子以後睜開、論證、剖析,這也印證了新評分尺度中“development”的請求。

  2.擴展瀏覽量,特別推舉高品德外文期刊。

  3.增長演習量,正所謂熟能生巧。固然今朝官方宣布的新ACT作文資本異常有限,但眾人完整可以充足應用現有的ACT備考真題和演習標題,略加修正後舉行演習。

  4.邏輯練習是拿高分的最癥結身分。簡略說,視察英語的計謀和構造考點,留意句子以舊信息開首,新信息末端的鏈條模式大概歸納、演繹的角度假想題目。

  5.修正作文。作文和其他客觀選取題不同樣,主觀性要強一些。假如在寫作的過程當中可以或許找到良師良朋舉行作文的修正,可以或許在修正的過程當中賡續評論辯論,精益求精,互訂交換例子素材,將起到意想不到的後果。

  以上便是本日小編為眾人分享的ACT寫作改造之自負應答的全體內容,願望對您有所贊助,若想懂得更多有關act測驗時光表、act測驗流程、act測驗用度、act報考指南、act真題及act謎底等信息請登錄留學。籌劃加入ACT測驗培訓、雅思培訓的考生,請點擊在線咨詢,留學的先生會第臨時間和你接洽。末了,小編祝您測驗順遂。

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