新SAT閱讀修辭目的題攻破方法

2016/07/04 瀏覽次數:31 收藏
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  新SAT瀏覽測驗中,有一種題型是修辭目標題,這也是考生們題目比擬多的一種題型,是以下面小編為眾人先容的便是新SAT瀏覽修辭目標題攻破辦法的內容,願望對眾人的備考有贊助。

  一、常見問法

  修辭目標題(Rhetorical Purpose Questions),不管是托福瀏覽,照樣新SAT瀏覽,均明白提到此類題型。包含ACT瀏覽,也有相幹考法。常見標題特點,湧現"purpose"、"why"、"in order to"等字樣。

  好比:

  1. The author discusses … in paragraph 3 in order to . . .

  2. Why does the author mention …?

  3. What is the purpose of paragraph 4?

  這些題型,偶然也被稱為"舉例感化題"、"段落目標題"等,都可歸類為"修辭目標題"。

  二、官方解讀

  當看到"修辭"二字,很多同窗大概會不由自主的想到"比方、排比、擬人"等常常提到的修辭手段,但托福瀏覽及SAT/ACT瀏覽,考的是這個嗎?

  起首,咱們一路看看托福的官方指南怎樣說,"Rhetoric is the art of speaking or writing effectively."(修辭,是有用的發言或寫作的藝術),好比, 舉例(example),下界說(definition),說明(explain),比較(contrast),批駁(criticize),等,這些都 叫"修辭"。

  三、例題剖析

  以TPO中的一道標題為例:

  Paragraph 6: A third fossil formation containing both soft-bodied and hard-bodied animals provides evidence of the result of the Cambrian explosion. This fossil formation, called the Burgess Shale, is in Yoho National Park in the Canadian Rocky Mountains of British Columbia. Shortly after the Cambrian explosion, mud slides rapidly buried thousands of marine animals under conditions that favored fossilization. These fossil beds provide evidence of about 32 modern animal groups, plus about 20 other animal body forms that are so different from any modern animals that they cannot be assigned to any one of the modern groups. These unassignable animals include a large swimming predator called Anomalocaris and a soft-bodied animal called Wiwaxia, which ate detritus or algae. The Burgess Shale formation also has fossils of many extinct representatives of modern animal groups. For example, a well-known Burgess Shale animal called Sidneyia is a representative of a previously unknown group of arthropods (a category of animals that includes insects, spiders, mites, and crabs).

  Why does the author mention "Anomalocans" and "Wiwaxia"?

  A. To contrast predators with animals that eat plants such as algae

  B. To question the effects of rapid mud slides on fossilization

  C. To suggest that much is still unknown about animals found in the Burgess Shale

  D. To provide examples of fossils that cannot be assigned to a modern animal group

  謎底:D

  剖析:

  四個選項的修辭詞分離為contrast、question、suggest、provide example,依據段落中的內容,起首就能夠消除A(contrast)和B(question),剩下的選項C和D的後半部門信息,D是對文中內容更好的總結,"cannot be assigned to a modern animal group"同等於文中的"they cannot be assigned to any one of the modern groups.",故,準確謎底為D。而選項C的"much is still unknown"並非原文的同義改寫。

  四、SAT擴大

  當同窗們控制好托福中的修辭目標題後,進入到下一個進修階段,即SAT或ACT,也一樣會碰到此類題型,只是難度更大,差別特別體如今SAT瀏覽中, 除修辭詞部門以外,選項殘剩信息多設置成為了更加歸納綜合的抽象名詞,而不是詳細名詞,這給考生帶來必定的困擾,這也是大多半考生的失分點地點。

  以新SAT官方指南中的兩道標題為例:

  例題1:

  Akira came directly, breaking all tradition. Was that it? Had he followed form-had he asked his mother to speak to his father to approach a go-between-would Chie have been more receptive?

  The main purpose of the first paragraph is to

  A. describe a culture.

  B. criticize a tradition.

  C. question a suggestion.

  D. analyze a reaction.

  準確謎底:D

  滋擾選項:A

  例題2:

  The researchers paired the antithrombin gene with a promoter (which is a sequence of DNA that controls gene activity) that is normally active in the goat's mammary glands during milk production.

  The most likely purpose of the parenthetical information in lines 63-64 is to

  A. illustrate an abstract concept.

  B. describe a new hypothesis.

  C. clarify a claim.

  D. define a term.

  準確謎底:D

  滋擾選項:A

  [總結]

  末了,為同窗們總結一下修辭目標題最焦點的留意事變:假如說常見的"究竟信息題"問的是what(作者說了甚麽),那末"修辭目標題"問的便是why(作者為何這麽說)。緊抓這一點,信任同窗們能在這種考題中,得到不錯的準確率。

  以上便是小編為眾人先容的新SAT瀏覽修辭目標題攻破辦法的全體內容先容,願望眾人經由過程上面的內容對SAT瀏覽中的這類題型有更好的控制,末了願望眾人都能獲得幻想的成就。

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